Ajuga is a flowering plant native to Europe, Asia, and Africa which is the same family (Lamiacea) as mint, basil, rosemary, sage, oregano, lavender, and thyme. It is also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or bugle. Several strains of this plant have been used by herbalists for a variety of ailments. This week, in the Journal of Functional Foods, researchers showed that this plant may have some anti-diabetic effects.
In their study, researchers used five strains of Ajuga native to Taiwan (A. decumbens, A. nipponensis, A pygmaea, A. taiwanensis, and A. dictyocarpa) to evaluate the effect of this plant on blood glucose levels in rats with chemically-induced diabetes. They found that the strain A. nipponensis was able to decrease glucose uptake, decrease breakdown of carbohydrates to glucose, and decrease post-meal glucose levels. The study authors concluded that A. nipponensis extracts may be a potential remedy for diabetes in humans in the future.